Cigarette smoking and musculoskeletal disorders

Abate, M. and Vanni, D. and Pantalone, A. and Salini, Vincenzo (2013) Cigarette smoking and musculoskeletal disorders. M.L.T.J. Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal, 3 (2). pp. 63-69. ISSN 2240-4554

article.pdf - Published Version

Download (736kB)
Official URL:


Cigarette smoking has deleterious effects on the musculo-skeletal system. The loss of bone mineral content and increased incidence of fractures are the best known negative consequences. The pathogenesis is complex, due to direct toxic effects on osteoblasts/osteoclasts activity of nicotine, and indirect actions on sex and adrenocortical hormones, vitamin D, intestinal calcium absorption, vessels and oxygen supply. Smoking may favour the onset or aggravate the progression of rheumatoid arthritis and back pain. Negative influences have been observed on muscle and on tendons. Moreover, smoking habit is associated to a number of short term post-operative complications and higher resource consumption. Smoking cessation is highly advisable with positive effects on the bone metabolism on the long term. More positive and immediate results can be obtained in patients submitted to orthopedic surgery: the healing process is improved, the frequency of complications is reduced, and the length of hospital stay is shortened

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arthritis, muscle, nicotine, osteoporosis
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici) > 616 Malattie (classificare qui la Clinica medica, la medicina basata sull'evidenza, la Medicina interna, la Medicina sperimentale) > 616.7 Malattie del sistema muscoloscheletrico
Depositing User: Danilo Dezzi
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2014 11:17
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2014 11:17

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item