Mechanical evaluation and FEM analysis of stress in fixed partial dentures zirconium-ceramic

Cardelli, P.L. and Vertucci, V. and Balestra, F. and Montani, M. and Arcuri, C. (2013) Mechanical evaluation and FEM analysis of stress in fixed partial dentures zirconium-ceramic. Oral & implantology, 6 (3). pp. 55-62. ISSN 2035-2468

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Over the last several years, the Finite Element Analysis (FEM) has been widely recognized as a reference method in different fields of study, to simulate the distribution of mechanical stress, in order to evaluate the relative distribution of loads of different nature. The aim of this study is to investigate through the FEM analysis the stress distribution in fixed prostheses that have a core in Zirconia and a ceramic veneer supported by implants. In this work we investigated the mechanical flexural strength of a ceramic material (Noritake®) and a of zirconium framework (Zircodent®) and the effects of the manufacturing processes of the material commonly performed during the production of fixed prostheses with CAD/CAM technology. Specifically three point bending mechanical tests were performed (three-point-bending) (1-3), using a machine from Test Equipment Instron 5566®, on two structures in zirconium framework-ceramic (structures supported by two implant abutments with pontic elements 1 and 2). A further in-depth analysis on the mechanical behavior in flexure of the specimens was conducted carrying out FEM studies in order to compare analog and digital data. The analysis of the data obtained showed that the stresses are distributed in a different way according to the intrinsic elasticity of the structure. The analysis of FPD with four elements, the stresses are mainly concentrated on the surface of the load, while, in the FPD of three elements, much more rigid, the stresses are concentrated near the inner margins of the abutments. The concentration of many stresses in this point could be correlated to chipping (4) that is found in the outer edges of the structure, as a direct result of the ceramic brittleness which opposes the resilience of the structure subjected to bending. The analysis of the UY linear displacement confirms previous data, showing, in a numerical way, that the presence of the ceramic is related to the lowering of the structure. So, the reference values are those of the linear lowering obtained in the Mechanical Test and in our FEM analysis. • zirconium framework with four elements 4,227 10-2mm. • zirconium framework with ceramic structure with four elements 2,266 10-2 mm. That suggests that the presence of ceramics halves the flexion capabilities of the prosthetic materials.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: FEM, zirconium-ceramic, chipping, stress, fixed-partial-dentures, CAD-CAM, mechanical evaluation
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici)
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2016 17:10
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2016 17:10

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