Biofeedback rehabilitation of posture and weight-bearing distribution in stroke: a center of foot pressure analysis

De Nunzio, Alessandro Marco and Zucchella, Chiara and Spicciato, Francesca and Tortola, Paolo and Vecchione, Carmine and Pierelli, Francesco and Bartolo, Michelangelo (2014) Biofeedback rehabilitation of posture and weight-bearing distribution in stroke: a center of foot pressure analysis. Functional Neurology, 29 (2). pp. 127-134. ISSN 1971-3274

article.pdf - Published Version

Download (145kB) | Preview
Official URL:


Weight bearing on the paretic lower extremity and transfer of weight from one lower extremity to the other are important goals of stroke rehabilitation. Improvements in these limb loading and weight transfer abilities have been shown to relate to improved performance of many functional activities. Unfortunately, valid and practical clinical measures of paretic lower extremity loading and weight transfer have not been identified. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively assess, through center of foot pressure (CoP) analysis of quiet upright stance control, recovery of paretic limb loading as a measure of weight transfer in early stroke subjects, testing the effectiveness of a targeted rehabilitation intervention based on audio-visual biofeedback. Thirty-seven adults with lower extremity motor impairment following unilateral, non-cerebellar stroke, were tested twice, at an interval of at least one month post stroke and following rehabilitation intervention aimed at correcting their asymmetrical weight bearing. The intervention was performed with (Study Group, SG) or without (Control Group, CG) a postural audio-visual biofeedback approach. Indices of postural stability and of balance control asymmetry were estimated by acquiring the movements of the CoP during quiet upright stance condition with or without visual input (eyes open, EO and eyes closed, EC). Clinical scales were also administered. Both the CG and the SG subjects showed improved control in upright stance posture as documented by significant improvements in the scale scores and indices of stability during both the EO and the EC condition. Only the SG showed a significantly reduced CoP index of asymmetry. The CoP index of asymmetry, correlating with clinical motor scales, is a valid measure of paretic limb loading during stroke recovery. Postural audio-visual biofeedback represented the more effective approach for reducing weight loading asymmetry of the lower limbs in stroke.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: asymmetry index, biofeedback, neurorehabilitation, posturography, stroke, weight bearing
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici)
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2015 15:59
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2015 15:59

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item