Summer air temperature anomalies in Europe during the century 1811-1910

Piervitali, E. and Conte, M. and Colacino, M. (1997) Summer air temperature anomalies in Europe during the century 1811-1910. Il nuovo cimento C, 20 C (2). pp. 195-208. ISSN 1826-9885


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Solar cycle, volcanic eruptions, sea surface temperature anomalies (ENSO) and increase of the concentration of the greenhouse gases are the main forcing factors in the evolution of the Earth climate. Therefore, a sizeable amount of research is devoted to assess the impact of these factors on the climate parameters, as the mean air temperature. In the present work a study concerning the behaviour of the summer temperatures over Europe during the century 1811-1910 is carried out. The possible influence of the volcanic eruptions and ENSO has been also analysed. The results show the presence of a volcanic signal in the summer temperature during the year following an eruption, even if the anomalous coldest summers do not seem to be driven by the volcanic activity. The connection between thermal anomalies and ENSO events is more uncertain because of the paucity of data. Finally, the anomalous summers—both very cold and very warm—can be explained in terms of the atmospheric circulation, since cold events seem to be associated to persistent blocking systems and warm events are associated to persistent high-pressure patterns.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climatology
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 530 Fisica
500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 550 Scienze della Terra > 551.6 Climatologia e tempo atmosferico (Classificare qui i lo studio dei Cambiamenti climatici)
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 09 May 2017 12:50
Last Modified: 09 May 2017 12:50

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