Muon bursts at the Baksan Underground Scintillation Telescope during energetic solar phenomena

Karpov, S.N. and Miroshnichenko, L.I. and Vashenyuk, E.V. (1998) Muon bursts at the Baksan Underground Scintillation Telescope during energetic solar phenomena. Il nuovo cimento C, 21 C (5). pp. 551-575. ISSN 1826-9885

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An extended study is performed of short-term bursts of muon intensity recorded at the Baksan Underground Scintillation Telescope (BUST) in 1981-1992. The bursts may be caused by primary protons with energy EpD500 GeV. We summarize the results of data analysis obtained during 18 Ground Level Enhancements (GLE) of solar cosmic rays (SCR). It is proved that at least three of the most significant bursts are associated, with a high probability, with the GLEs of September 29, 1989, June 15, 1991, and October 12, 1981. There are definite evidences that some of 15 other bursts seem to be also associated with energetic solar phenomena—large flares, coronal mass ejections (CME), solar proton events (SPE), etc. Otherwise, it is difficult to explain significant distinctions of their angular and temporal properties from the noise ones. The results make the very specific, strict requirements to possible particle source(s), acceleration and propagation mechanisms. The effect under discussion (“BUST effect”) is suggested to be closely linked with some powerful processes at the Sun, implying possible impact of extended coronal structures, post-eruption energy release, CMEs and coronal (interplanetary) shocks on solar particle acceleration or modulation of galactic cosmic rays (GCR).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cosmic rays
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 550 Scienze della Terra > 551 Geologia, Idrologia, Meteorologia > 551.5 Meteorologia (Classificare qui l'atmosfera) (Classificare la previsione e le previsioni di specifici fenomeni meteorologici in 551.64; classificare la Micrometeorologia in 551.66) > 551.52 Termodinamica, interazioni atmosferiche con la superficie terrestre, temperature, radiazioni > 551.527 Radiazioni (per fenomeni ottici, vedi 551.565) > 551.5276 Radiazioni cosmiche (Include il rumore cosmico) (Classificare qui i raggi cosmici)
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 28 May 2018 10:39
Last Modified: 28 May 2018 10:39

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