Okazaki in Kyoto. The conservation of suburban area in the historical city

Inoue, Noriko and Niglio, Olimpia (2015) Okazaki in Kyoto. The conservation of suburban area in the historical city. EdA Esempi di Architettura, 2 (2). pp. 59-63. ISSN 2035-7982

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EOkazaki area, east of Kyoto city, was built as an important noble and religious place in the Heian period (794-1185). We supposed that at the end of the 16 th century there would be settlements enclosed by fossa similar to landscapes represented in Rakuchu Rakugai-zu, a series of paintings of Kyoto by local artists, which is one of the most important urban iconographies of Japan. In the Edo period (1603-1867) Okazaki area assumed the role of suburban agricultural zone which provided the food production to the urban habitants. It also could be the place of scenic beauty in which the intellectuals commonly lived there. But after the Meiji Restoration, the role of Okazaki area changed completely. In 1885, Kyoto prefecture started the great public canalization project as the water supply between Kyoto and Otsu of Shiga prefecture. Kyoto prefecture also planed the industrial district construction in Okazaki area. In 1895 pavilion buildings were built for the 4 th Inner National Exhibition of Japan and at the same time Heian-Jing ƈ Shrine was constructed for the millennium ceremony for foundation of Kyoto city. After that the territory prepared for the exhibition was reused for the cultural district. The cottage area of bourgeoi s and politicians was created at the eastern part of Okazaki area. The canal project accompanied the electric generation plant. Okazaki area became the symbol of the modernization of Kyoto city. This contribution intends to analyze the different styles of architecture especially constructed after the Meiji period which are the main components of the Historic Urban Landscape of Okazaki area. Tangible and intangible signs remained as modern gardens, significant museums and cultural institutions among the ancient temples provide opportunities to reflect on the important role of Okazaki area of the historical city. These studies are supported by archival documents and with current measures and policies for landscape conservation by Kyoto Municipality. This contribution will analyze also important and actual interventions of restoration in Okazaki area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Okazaki, Landscape planning, Historic Urban Landscape, Option and sustainable solution for historical landscape
Subjects: 700 Arti, Belle arti e Arti decorative > 720 Architettura (Classificare qui le opere d'insieme su Architettura, Urbanistica e Paesistica)
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2017 09:06
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2017 09:06
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/13027

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