Multipass SAR interferometry. A tool for geologic analysis

Fanelli, A. and Russo, L. and Celardo, G. and Murino, P. (2001) Multipass SAR interferometry. A tool for geologic analysis. Il nuovo cimento C, 24 C (1). pp. 147-158. ISSN 1826-9885

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This paper investigates how the information content of repeat pass satellite SAR interferometric (INSAR) data can be used to provide the geologist with a tool which can improve his ability and efficacy in the geologic analysis of SAR imagery. INSAR processing produces interferometric fringes, coherence and amplitude images. To produce an interferometric DEM phase unwrapping is a critical step. For phase unwrapping, we propose the WLMS (Weighted Least Mean Square) estimation of the phase, which is a generalization of the least-mean square method. The crucial step in WLMS approach is the weighting procedure. We propose a weighting algorithm based on the fusion of a priori information extracted from different interferometric products. These different information channels—DEM, amplitude and coherence—can be effectively fused to convey information to the geologic interpreter using 3D stereoscopic visualization;SAR stereo pairs were artificially generated using the interferometric DEM and the intensity image or the coherence image of the area overlaid. In order to ascertain the performance of the procedure a number of tests were carried out over various sites in Matese (Southern Italy), which has a fairly demanding topography, using ERS SAR tandem data. The results demonstrate that WLMS unwrapping method is sufficiently robust in capturing the morphology of the area and that stereoscopic visualization greatly facilitates geologic interpretation and the observation of detailed features of the terrain.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Paper presented at the Workshop on Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), Florence, 25-26 February, 1998.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Space geodetic surveys ; Cartography ; Topography;geometric observations
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 550 Scienze della Terra
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2020 18:08
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2020 18:08

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