Atmospheric convergence diabatically generated in the CBL over a mountainous peninsula

Federico, S. and Dalu, G.A. and Casella, L. and Bellecci, C. and Colacino, M. (2001) Atmospheric convergence diabatically generated in the CBL over a mountainous peninsula. Il nuovo cimento C, 24 C (2). pp. 223-244. ISSN 1826-9885

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The mesoscale atmospheric flow is investigated that is diabatically forced by the diurnal warming in the convective boundary layer (CBL) over Calabria, a mountainous peninsula in southern Italy. This study, carried out using a 3D nonlinear numerical model, is concerned with summer time when the large-scale flow is weak. Owing to several favourable conditions, strong sea-breeze and mountain valley flows are developed over this area. The thermal gradients associated with contrast of either mountain peaks-free atmosphere or land-sea merge together generating wide and intense circulation. The results show strong convergence in the lower and divergence in the mid and upper troposphere. The depth of the CBL is of the order of two thousand metres, while the depth of the mesoscale atmospheric response is of the order of the troposphere height, and has a horizontal scale of the order of two Rossby radii. The main effect of such circulation is the reorganisation of the humid air over the region. Indeed the humid air, that comes from the lower levels, is advected upward by breeze circulation, determining the onset of cumulus cloud and triggering summer thunderstorm over the region. The model provides successful simulations of the convective development observed by ground stations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Winds and their effects; Climatology
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 550 Scienze della Terra > 551.6 Climatologia e tempo atmosferico (Classificare qui i lo studio dei Cambiamenti climatici)
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2020 18:14
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2020 18:14

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