Extreme energy cosmic rays: observation of the atmospheric fluorescence from the ISS

Spillantini, P. (2001) Extreme energy cosmic rays: observation of the atmospheric fluorescence from the ISS. Il nuovo cimento C, 24 C (4\5). pp. 731-738. ISSN 1826-9885

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rom a Low Earth Orbit (LEO: 400–1000 km of altitude) the light due to cosmic rays of extreme energy showering in a huge mass of atmosphere, up to 2–3 ×1014 t, can be registered. This makes it possible to approach fields of Fundamental Research in Cosmology and in Astroparticle Physics up to now out of reach of the experimental observation, making also the vast field of Physics of the Atmosphere available to the exploration. The full coverage of the whole observable air mass from a LEO requires to cover a Field of View (FoV) of 130◦ – 140◦ by composing separate modules, each covering a smaller FoV. The ISS is the most suitable vehicle where those modules could be installed, or could be assempled in a co-flying complex. The ISS location also opens the possibility of a gradual realization of the full coverage, and a “technically evolving” approach: the optical system could be regarded as a permanent facility on board (or co-flying with) the ISS for observing the Earth surface in optical and near-optical wavelengths: different sensors could be alternated on their foci to meet the needs of different experiments or services. The missions currently under study can be the starting pieces for a full coverage facility. Besides the EUSO mission, separately described in a dedicated talk, the situation of the ongoing studies will be reported.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Paper presented at the Chacaltaya Meeting on Cosmic Ray Physics, La Paz, Bolivia, July 23-27, 2000.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cosmic rays ; Conference proceedings
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 550 Scienze della Terra > 551 Geologia, Idrologia, Meteorologia > 551.5 Meteorologia (Classificare qui l'atmosfera) (Classificare la previsione e le previsioni di specifici fenomeni meteorologici in 551.64; classificare la Micrometeorologia in 551.66) > 551.52 Termodinamica, interazioni atmosferiche con la superficie terrestre, temperature, radiazioni > 551.527 Radiazioni (per fenomeni ottici, vedi 551.565) > 551.5276 Radiazioni cosmiche (Include il rumore cosmico) (Classificare qui i raggi cosmici)
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2020 14:13
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2020 14:13
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/14715

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