Lidar monitoring of water vapor and comparison with numerical simulations

De Tomasi, F. and Martano, P. and Miglietta, M. and Morabito, A. and Perrone, M. R. (2003) Lidar monitoring of water vapor and comparison with numerical simulations. Il nuovo cimento C, 26 (4). pp. 373-385. ISSN 1826-9885

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A solar blind Raman (SBR) lidar based on a KrF excimer laser (248 nm) has been used to continuously monitor the water vapour mixing ratio in the lower troposphere and it is shown once more that the SBR lidar is a valuable tool for day- and night-time studies of the fine structure often seen in water vapour profiles. The lidar measurements of water vapour have been used to assess the performance of atmospheric boundary layer oriented mesoscale simulations. The Regional Atmospheric Modelling System (RAMS) has been used in this paper, to simulate circulation patterns and the planetary boundary layer structure over the Sallentum peninsula of Italy. Numerical simulations with different grid nesting, initialisation conditions and surface information details have been tested, and a satisfactory accordance between experimental and numerical water vapour profiles has been observed. It is shown that the sensitivity of water vapour profiles to the mixing height and surface advection effects can be successfully used for a proper testing of models especially in coastal areas and non-homogeneous terrain.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atmosphere ; Meteorology ; Boundary layer structure and processes
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 550 Scienze della Terra > 551 Geologia, Idrologia, Meteorologia
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2020 16:15
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2020 16:15

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