GPS radio occultation sounding to support General Circulation Models

Bizzarri, B. and Bordi, I. and Dell'Aquila, A. and Petitta, M. and Sutera, A. (2004) GPS radio occultation sounding to support General Circulation Models. Il nuovo cimento C, 27 (1). pp. 59-71. ISSN 1826-9885

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An assessment of the suitability of the horizontal and vertical resolution of GPS radio occultation measurements for climate studies is carried out. Simple physical relations are used to estimate the consistency between horizontal and vertical resolutions of radio occultation measurements as compared with those of the existing observing systems. In particular, the horizontal scale of the upper troposphere water vapour is investigated by analysing the variability of the refractivity index using the re-analysis data from NCEP/NCAR. The computation shows that the 300 km horizontal resolution of GPS radio occultation is within the useful range and captures the water vapour variations that are relevant for climatological purposes. Next, focusing the analysis on the requirements of the vertical resolution, we study the sensitivity of a radiative model to changes in the vertical resolution, assessing the impacts of these variations on the atmospheric equilibrium. For this purpose one reference profile and other five with lower vertical resolutions are used to perform the experiment. Results show that the model is sensitive to variations in the vertical sampling, suggesting that high vertical resolution measurements are necessary for an accurate observation of the atmosphere. To further assess the influence of the vertical sampling, the thermal tropopause height dependence on the number of layers considered is studied. Results indicate that the highest vertical resolution is needed for determining the radiative component of the tropopause dynamics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atmospheric structure, pressure, density, and temperature (stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere) ; General circulation ; Instrumentation and techniques for geophysical research
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 550 Scienze della Terra > 551.6 Climatologia e tempo atmosferico (Classificare qui i lo studio dei Cambiamenti climatici)
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2020 18:05
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2020 18:05

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