Possible origin of nitrogen in the Earth’s atmosphere

Fukuhara, M. (2004) Possible origin of nitrogen in the Earth’s atmosphere. Il nuovo cimento C, 27 (1). pp. 99-113. ISSN 1826-9885

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The details on the origin of nitrogen, which exists so abundantly in the Earth’s atmosphere, are missing. An attempt to give a possible answer to the question was interpreted to be the result of endothermic nuclear transmutation of carbon and oxygen atom pairs in carbonate lattice of mantle containing crust, 12C + 16O + 2e∗+2ν → 2 14N + 4He, with help of electropionic attraction effect (48% shrinkage) due to the excited electron capture and neutral pion catalysis. The excited electrons were generated by rapid fracture or sliding of carbonate crystals due to volcanic earthquake, and plenty of neutrinos were derived from the universe, mainly from the young sun. The formation of nitrogen would have continued for 1.3 billion years from 2.5 to 3.8 billion years ago in the Archean era, until the active volcanism or storm of neutrinos ceased. The possible nuclear transmutation rate of nitrogen atoms could be calculated as 2.3 × 106 atom/s.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: High-pressure and shock wave effects in solids and liquids ; Global change: Atmosphere ; Fusion and fusion-fission reactions
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 550 Scienze della Terra > 551.6 Climatologia e tempo atmosferico (Classificare qui i lo studio dei Cambiamenti climatici)
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2020 18:07
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2020 18:07
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/15227

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