The use of geophysical prospections to map ancient hydraulic works: the Triglio underground aqueduct (Apulia, southern Italy)

Leucci, Giovanni and Parise, Mario and Sammarco, Mariangela and Scardozzi, Giuseppe (2016) The use of geophysical prospections to map ancient hydraulic works: the Triglio underground aqueduct (Apulia, southern Italy). Archaeological Prospection, 23. pp. 195-211. ISSN 1099-0763

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This paper presents an integrated analysis using ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) studies to map the Triglio underground aqueduct that in Roman times supplied fresh water to the ancient town of Tarentum, modern Taranto, Apulia region, Italy. The study area includes an expansion project of a nearby limestone quarry where mining activity is related to the production of a steel factory (ILVA). The aim was to develop methods for detection and mapping of the geometry of the underground aqueduct. Seven GPR reflection profiles were acquired across and parallel to the hypothesized extent of the aqueduct, while the ERT method was used to understand the stratigraphy of the area and tie reflections to geological units. Well-preserved vertical shafts for ventilation and inspection of the ancient underground hydraulic work were investigated and used as models for GPR exploration. The GPR profiles, interpreted using both the trace amplitude analysis and the forward modelling, showed reflection features from the main horizontal tunnel of the ancient aqueduct. The void space within the aqueduct, usually the ceiling–air interface, was discovered and mapped using reflections profiles both parallel to the linear feature, but also crossing it, and differentiated from similar looking geological features. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: : Hydraulic works; underground aqueduct; Apulia region; ground-penetrating radar; electrical resistivity tomograph
Subjects: 300 Scienze sociali > 360 Problemi e servizi sociali; associazioni > 363 Altri problemi e servizi sociali > 363.69 Tutela dei beni culturali (Classificare qui le opere interdisciplinari su Conservazione e Restauro dei beni culturali ; classificare la Conservazione e il Restauro dei beni architettonici e ambientali in 720.288)
600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate
Depositing User: dottoressa Gaetana Marchesini
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2016 08:58
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2016 08:58

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