Cosmology with Gamma-Ray Bursts

Ghisellini, G. and Ghirlanda, G. and Firmani, C. and Lazzati, D. and Avila-Reese, V. (2005) Cosmology with Gamma-Ray Bursts. Il nuovo cimento C, 28 (4\5). pp. 639-646. ISSN 1826-9885

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Apparently, Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) are all but standard candles. Their emission is collimated into a cone and the received flux depends on the cone aperture angle. Fortunately we can derive the aperture angle through an achromatic steepening of the lightcurve of the afterglow, and thus we can measure the “true” energetics of the prompt emission. Ghirlanda et al. (2004a) found that this collimation-corrected energy correlates tightly with the frequency at which most of the radiation of the prompt is emitted. Through this correlation we can infer the burst energy accurately enough for a cosmological use. Using the best known 15 GRBs we find very encouraging results that emphasize the cosmological GRB role. Probing the universe with high accuracy up to high redshifts, GRBs establish a new insight on the cosmic expanding acceleration history and accomplish the role of “missing link” between the Cosmic Microwave Background and type Ia supernovae, motivating the most optimistic hopes for what can be obtained from the bursts detected by SWIFT.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Paper presented at the “4th Workshop on Gamma-Ray Burst in the Afterglow Era”, Rome, October 18-22, 2004.
Uncontrolled Keywords: γ-ray sources; γ-ray bursts ; Observational cosmology (including Hubble constant, distance scale, cosmological constant, early Universe, etc)
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 520 Astronomia e scienze connesse
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2020 17:51
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2020 17:51

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