Luminosity evolution in gamma-ray bursts

Kocevski, D. (2005) Luminosity evolution in gamma-ray bursts. Il nuovo cimento C, 28 (4\5). pp. 685-688. ISSN 1826-9885

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Wee stimatetheluminosit y evolution and formation ratefor over a 900 BATSE GRBs by using redshift and luminosity data calculated by Band, Norris, and Bonnell (ApJ, 613 (2004) 484B) via thelag-luminosit y correlation. By applying maximum likelihood techniques, we are able to infer the true distribution of the parent GRB population’s luminosity function and density distributions in a way that accounts for detector selection effects. We find that after accounting for data truncation, there still exists a significant correlation between the average luminosity and redshift, indicating that distant GRBs are on average more luminous than nearby counterparts. This is consistent with previous studies showing strong source evolution and also recent observations of under luminous nearby GRBs. We find no evidence for beaming angle evolution in the current sample of GRBs with known redshift, suggesting that this increase in luminosity cannot be due to an evolution of the collimation of gamma-ray emission. The resulting luminosity function is well fit with a singlep ower law of index L �−1.5, which is intermediate between the values predicted by the k = 2 power law and Gaussian structured jet models. We also find that the GRB comoving rate density rises steeply with a broad peak between 1 < z < 2 followed by a steady decline above z > 3. This rate density qualitatively matches the current estimates of the star formation rate at high redshifts, favoring a short lived massive star progenitor model, or a binary model with a short delay between the formation of the compact object and the eventual merger.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Paper presented at the “4th Workshop on Gamma-Ray Burst in the Afterglow Era”, Rome, October 18-22, 2004.
Uncontrolled Keywords: γ-ray sources, γ-ray bursts
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 530 Fisica
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2020 13:24
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2020 13:24

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