Elucidating the Effect of Lead Iodide Complexation Degree behind Morphology and Performance of Perovskite Solar Cells

Mastria, Rosanna and Colella, Silvia and Qualtieri, Antonio and Listorti, Andrea and Gigli, Giuseppe and Rizzo, Aurora (2017) Elucidating the Effect of Lead Iodide Complexation Degree behind Morphology and Performance of Perovskite Solar Cells. Nanoscale. ISSN 2040-3364 (In Press)

[img] Text
draft template rsc_2017-01-24.pdf - Submitted Version
Restricted to Registered users only until 24 February 2018.

Download (749kB) | Request a copy


The inclusion of iodide additives in hybrid perovskite precursor solutions has been successfully exploited to improve the solar cell efficiency but their impact on perovskite formation, morphology and photovoltaic performance is still not clear. Here an extensive analysis of the effect of iodide additives in the solution-phase and during the perovskite film formation, as well as their effect on device performance is provided. The results demonstrate that in the solution-phase the additives promote the formation of lead poly-iodide species resulting in the disaggregation of the inorganic lead iodide framework and in the formation of smaller nuclei inducing the growth of uniform and smooth perovskite films. Most importantly, the complexation capability of different iodide additives does not only directly affect film morphology but also influences the density of defect states by varying the stoichiometry of precursors. These findings demonstrate that the fine control of the interactions of the chemical species in the solution-phase is essential for the precise control of the morphology at the nanoscale and the growth of the perovskite films with a reduced density of defect states. Therefore, the in-depth understanding of all the processes involved in the solution-phase is the first step for the development of a facile and reproducible approach for the fabrication of hybrid perovskite solar cells with enhanced photovoltaic performance.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Received 21 Dec 2016, Accepted 22 Feb 2017 First published online 23 Feb 2017
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 540 Chimica e scienze connesse
Depositing User: Dr Aurora Rizzo
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2017 12:08
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 12:08
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/16064

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item