Neutron diffraction study of Bronze Age tools from second millennium BC dwellings in Italy

Arletti, R. and Cartechini, L. and Giovannini, S. and Rinaldi, R. and Kockelmann, W. and Cardarelli, A. (2007) Neutron diffraction study of Bronze Age tools from second millennium BC dwellings in Italy. Il nuovo cimento C, 30 (1). pp. 11-19. ISSN 1826-9885

ncc9221.pdf - Published Version

Download (219kB) | Preview
Official URL:


Neutron diffraction was utilized to characterise XX to XIII century BC bronze axes (Ancient to Late Bronze Age from “Terramare” and other Bronze Age settlements near Modena, Italy. Archaeometric metallurgy issues have been addressed by means of phase and texture analysis from measurements carried out at the ROTAX and GEM beam lines of the neutron spallation source ISIS of the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (UK). Neutron data provide accurate composition and structural information from the bulk of the alloy, with good grain statistics, without limitations due to surface alterations and with few limitations as to sample size. Bronze composition results are in good agreement with data obtained by micro-sampling and traditional analytical techniques thus confirming the validity of the method used for a totally non-destructive determination of the alloy composition from precise lattice parameter measurements. Phase analysis from diffraction profiles provides identification and quantification of surface alteration and corrosion products, free of interference with the analysis of the bulk alloy. Furthermore, texture analysis techniques may yield information on the ancient production methods of the artefacts.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Paper presented at the Workshop “RICH—Research Infrastructures for Cultural Heritage”, Trieste, December 12-13, 2005.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Neutron diffraction ; Metals, semimetals, and alloys
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 550 Scienze della Terra
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2020 15:19
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2020 15:19

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item