Overview of recent developments in organic thin-film transistor sensor technology

Tanese, M. C. and Marinelli, F. and Angione, D. and Torsi, L. (2008) Overview of recent developments in organic thin-film transistor sensor technology. Il nuovo cimento C, 31 (4). pp. 457-473. ISSN 1826-9885

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Bio and chemical sensing represents one of the most attractive applications of organic electronics and of Organic Thin Film Transistors (OTFTs) in particular. The implementation of miniaturized portable systems for the detection of chemical analytes as well as of biological species, is still a challenge for the sensors’ community. In this respect OTFTs appear as a new class of sensors able, in principle, to overcome some of the commercial sensors drawbacks. As far as volatile analytes are concerned, commercially available sensing systems, such as metal oxide based chemi-resistors, offer great stability but rather poor selectivity. In spite of the improved selectivity offered by organic chemi-resistors the reliability of such devices is not yet satisfactorily proven. On the other hand, complex odors recognition, but also explosives or pathogen bacteria detection are currently being addressed by sensor array systems, called “e-noses”, that try to mimic the mammalian olfactory system. Even though potentially very effective, this technology has not yet reached the performance level required by the market mostly because miniaturization and cost effective production issues. OTFT sensors can offer the advantage of room temperature operation and deliver high repeatable responses. Beside, they show very good selectivity properties. In fact, they implement organic active layers, which behave as sensing layers as well. This improves OTFTs sensitivity towards different chemical and biological analytes as organic materials can be properly chemically tailored to achieve differential detection and potentially even discrimination of biological species. In addition to this, OTFTs are also able to offer the unique advantages of a multi-parametric response and a gate bias enhanced sensitivity. Recently thin dielectric low-voltage OTFTs have also been demonstrated. Their implementation in low power consumption devices has attracted the attention of the organic electronic community. But such low power transistors have also a great potential in sensing applications specifically those performed in a liquid environment. In fact, low-voltage OTFTs have been recently demonstrated to deliver reliable responses even when operated in water for hundreds of measurement cycles. This open new perspectives in the field of cheap, low-power and mass-produced aqueous sensors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanocrystalline materials ; Conducting polymers ; Field effect devices ; Biosensors
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 540 Chimica e scienze connesse
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2020 16:46
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2020 16:46
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/16377

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