A 3D environment to rebuild virtually the so-called Augusteum in Herculaneum

D’Andrea, A. and Bosco, A. and Barbarino, M. (2017) A 3D environment to rebuild virtually the so-called Augusteum in Herculaneum. Archeologia e Calcolatori, 28 (2). pp. 437-446. ISSN 1120-6861

35_DAndrea_et_al.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (648kB) | Preview
Official URL: http://www.archcalc.cnr.it/indice/PDF28.2/35_DAndr...


Computer graphics and three-dimensional modelling techniques have extended the possibilities of archaeologists in the creation of virtual reconstruction of ancient sites and monuments. Modern computational systems allow the implementation of computer-generated scenarios tailored on human cognitive capacities. Although Virtual Archaeology is not a novelty in the panorama of archaeological methods, there is no agreement among scholars on the minimal parameters necessary to virtually rebuild an ancient context, nor is there any requirement needed to guarantee the accuracy and the effectiveness of the final reconstruction; the strength of a model is based mainly on the capacity of the archaeologist to check the final result in terms of comparison between interpretations and hypotheses. The paper aims at exploring how the archaeologists could perform their work in a computational laboratory thanks to shared 3D models. The case study selected is the recent virtual reconstruction of the so-called Basilica in Herculaneum, a monument - 250 years after its discovery - still largely unexplained. The building is completely buried by volcanic lava save for part of its entrance porch. It was extensively explored using tunnels and looted by its early excavators. Different scholars have rebuilt the monument mainly on the basis of two plans, drawn in the 18th century, and few notes taken by the archaeologists during the exploration. The 3D model, carried out by integrating cad modelling with close-range photogrammetry, is intended to highlight some controversial parts of the reconstructions. Metadata associated to the digital replica describe the physical object and register all phases from data-acquisition to data-visualization in order to allow the validation of the model and the use or re-use of the digital resource.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Virtual Reality and 3D Modelling; data dissemination and education
Subjects: 900 Storia, Geografia e discipline ausiliarie > 930 Storia dei mondo antico fino al 499 ca. > 930.1 Archeologia (Classificare qui la Storia fino al 4000 a.C., l'Archeologia preistorica, le opere interdisciplinari sull'Archeologia) > 930.102 Archeologia - Opere miscellanee > 930.1028 Archeologia – Tecniche, metodologie, apparecchi e strumenti (comprende: Archeometria) > 930.10285 Archeologia – Applicazioni informatiche (comprende: tecniche di datazione)
Depositing User: Dott.ssa Paola Moscati
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2018 14:38
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2018 14:38
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/17434

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item