Smart magnetic nanovesicles for theranostic application: Preparation and characterization

Marianecci, C. and Rinaldi, F. and Ingallina, C. and Passeri, D. and Sorbo, A. and Rossi, M. and Carafa, M. (2013) Smart magnetic nanovesicles for theranostic application: Preparation and characterization. Il nuovo cimento C, 36 (2). pp. 103-110. ISSN 1826-9885

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Nanomedicines are submicrometer-sized carrier materials designed to improve the biodistribution of systemically administered (chemo)therapeutic agents. By delivering pharmacologically active agents more effectively and more selectively to the pathological site nanomedicines aim to improve the balance between the efficacy and the toxicity of systemic (chemo)therapeutic administrations. Nanomedicine formulations have also been used for imaging applications and, in recent years, for theranostic approaches, that is, for systems and strategies in which disease diagnosis and therapy are combined. On the one hand, “classical” drug delivery systems are being co-loaded with both drugs and contrast agents. Actually, nanomaterials with an intrinsic ability to be used for imaging purposes, such as iron-oxide–based magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), are increasingly being loaded with drugs or alone for combining disease diagnosis and therapy. In this study, non-ionic surfactant vesicles loaded with lipophilic and hydrophilic MNPs have been prepared. Vesicles have been characterized in terms of dimensions, ζ-potential, time stability, bilayer characteristics and overall iron content. The encouraging obtained results confirm that Tween 20 and Span 20 vesicles could be promising carriers for the delivery of hydrophilic and lipophilic MNPs, respectively, thereby prompting various opportunities for the development of suitable theranostic strategies. The analyzed formulations confirm the importance of surfactant chemical-physical characteristics in entrapping the MNPs of different polarity, highlighting the high versatility of niosomal bilayer and structure; property that make them so appealing among drug delivery nanocarriers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanoscale materials and structures: fabrication and characterization ; Surfactants, micellar solutions, vesicles, lamellae, amphiphilic systems, (hydrophilic and hydrophobic interactions) ; Structure of nanocrystals and nanoparticles
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 530 Fisica
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 05 May 2020 12:34
Last Modified: 05 May 2020 12:34

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