“How a good video can remove ‘barriers’ for a more inclusive science communication”

Ferraro, Serena and Adamo, Antonino and Armeri, Grazia Maria and Bennici, Carmelo and Biondo, Girolama and Bondì, Salvatore and Di Natale, Marilena and Giannettino, Antonio and Patti, Carlo and Masullo, Tiziana and Russo, Stefania and Torri, Marco and Vaccaro, Francesca and Virga, Giovanna and Cuttitta, Angela (2019) “How a good video can remove ‘barriers’ for a more inclusive science communication”. Technical Report. IAS-CNR, Capo Granitola. (Unpublished)

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There is a burgeoning body of evidence suggesting that technology can enhance learning, and multiple studies have shown that videos represent a very effective tool in science engagement and education. In fact, video media can transform the complexities of science and nature into something more tangible and tractable (Dabylchuk et al., 2018). Documentaries can hence be powerful tools for learning, to raise awareness for important topics, and adding a scientific approach makes it possible to deepen knowledge about the world. According to Dale’s cone of experience (Fig. 1), people memorize 10% of what they read, 20% of what they hear, 30% of what they see and 50% of what they hear and see (Wiman and Mierhenry, 1969). These statistics seems to convey a very clear message: blind or visually impaired people are penalised in the learning compared to sighted ones. However, our experience in the area of inclusive science communication has led us to wonder: are we sure that sight is a fundamental means for learning? Or is it possible that sight is a predominant sense over others, and therefore it can even mislead or limit learning? To answer this question, we held an ad-hoc educational laboratory with the users of the “IstitutodeiCiechiOpereRiunite I. Florio – F. ed A. Salamone” of Palermo, with which we have established a convention on 29/01/2019. Specifically, we involved 20 users with different degrees of visual impairment, in the projection of three science videos, selected from those realised by the EDUlab divulgation group over the years. At the end of the video projection, users were asked to express their opinions and their personal interpretations of scientific issues, allowing us to understand what e how many information have been received and, above all, if sighted usersare really advantaged compared to the visually impaired ones.

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Subjects: 300 Scienze sociali > 302 Interazione sociale (classificare qui i principi psicologici della Sociologia, le relazioni interpersonali, la Psicologia sociale) > 302.2 Comunicazione (Classificare qui le Scienze della comunicazione)
Depositing User: Dottoressa Girolama Biondo
Date Deposited: 21 May 2019 08:12
Last Modified: 21 May 2019 08:12
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/18965

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