Tuberculoid Leprosy with External Jugular Vein Thrombosis: A Case Report and Literature Review

Rahil, Ali Ibrahim and Osman, Ahmed and Eid, Mohamed Magdi Mohamed and Kanbour, Sara and Mahfouz, Ahmed (2020) Tuberculoid Leprosy with External Jugular Vein Thrombosis: A Case Report and Literature Review. European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine, 7 (2). ISSN 2284-2594

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Thrombotic disease represents a rare manifestation of leprosy. In this study, we report the case of an external jugular vein thrombosis associated with tuberculoid leprosy in a 23-year-old male patient. The patient presented with a 3-month history of painful cord-like swelling on the left side of the neck and a nearly 3-week history of skin lesions on the left cheek and right leg. Physical examination revealed cord-like, tender swelling on the left lateral aspect of the neck overlying the sternocleidomastoid muscle, and a hypopigmented, hypoaesthetic 6×7 cm lesion with an irregular margin on the left cheek. A Doppler ultrasound examination of the jugular vein showed thrombosis of the left external jugular vein. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the computed tomography scan showed the enlarged and enhanced left external jugular vein, as well as 1 of its tributaries, and the thickened skin patch. A skin punch biopsy from the left cheek lesion revealed granulomatous inflammation with occasional peri-adnexal granulomas, consistent with the clinical impression of tuberculoid leprosy. A diagnosis of leprosy with external jugular vein thrombosis was established. Anticoagulation therapy was initiated, and the patient was referred to an infectious disease clinic for treatment with anti-leprosy medications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tuberculoid leprosy, jugular vein thrombosis, thickened nerve
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici) > 616 Malattie (classificare qui la Clinica medica, la medicina basata sull'evidenza, la Medicina interna, la Medicina sperimentale)
Depositing User: Chiara D'Arpa
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2020 09:57
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2020 09:57

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