Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Causing Hypopituitarism Can Imaging Help Diagnosis and Management?

Khan, Uzma and Borg, Anton and Beltechi, Radu and Mehta, Hiten and Robbins, Timothy and Randeva, Harpal and Machenahalli, Pratibha (2021) Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Causing Hypopituitarism Can Imaging Help Diagnosis and Management? European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine, 8 (12). pp. 1-5. ISSN 2284-2594

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Non-Hodgkin lymphomas of the hypothalamus and pituitary are rare. They usually remain clinically silent until onset of compressive features affecting surrounding structures. When symptomatic, patients most commonly present with diabetes insipidus, headaches, ophthalmoplegia and/or bilateral hemianopia. We report a case of a 67-year-old Caucasian female with a history of B-cell lymphoma in complete remission. She presented with left oculomotor nerve palsy and was subsequently found to have a sellar/suprasellar mass lesion on MRI. Alongside hypocortisolism and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, she developed transient diabetes insipidus during her illness. Her clinical course was characterized by rapid intracranial progression of the sellar mass. MR spectroscopy suggested a diagnosis of lymphoma. Diagnostic biopsy confirmed high-grade diffuse large B-cell CNS lymphoma; this changed the definitive management from surgical excision to chemotherapy. Despite treatment, she succumbed to her illness within 7 months of initial presentation. This case highlights the aggressive nature of CNS lymphomas and the need for a high index of suspicion in an unusual presentation of sellar/suprasellar mass lesions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, CNS lymphoma, pituitary macroadenoma, sellar mass
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici)
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2022 16:48
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2022 16:48

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