The “Northern Syndrome”. The human dimension of the fight against the terrorist organization ETA

Cano Panos, Miguel Angel (2023) The “Northern Syndrome”. The human dimension of the fight against the terrorist organization ETA. Rivista, XVIII. pp. 4-20. ISSN 1971-033X

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For more than forty years, Spain has been confronted with internal terrorism, of an ethno-nationalist nature, deployed by the terrorist organization ETA. Their armed struggle, which caused more than 850 fatalities, had as its objective the independence of the Basque Country, Navarre, as well as a part of the so-called French Basque Country. It was especially during the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s when the police forces deployed in the so-called “Northern Zone” were exposed not only to the possibility of suffering a terrorist attack, but also to the rejection and animosity of a large part of the Basque a Navarrese population, which considered the police as an “occupation force”. This gave rise to the concept of “Northern Syndrome”, which referred, above all, to the psychological consequences that this omnipresent terror and rejection in their daily lives produced in both the police officers and their families. Based on these considerations, the objective of the present work is to analyse said psycho-pathological construct. To this end, the author of this paper has conducted a total of 25 interviews with police officers and relatives who were stationed in the Basque Country and Navarra during the so-called “years of lead”. As will be seen, practically all of the individuals interviewed affirm not only the existence of said Syndrome, but also having suffered from it during their stay in the North and, in some cases, also currently.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ETA; years of lead; police officers; Northen Syndrome
Subjects: 300 Scienze sociali
Depositing User: Prof.ssa Raffaella Sette
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2024 14:55
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2024 14:55

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