The ecology of domestic violence: the role of alcohol outlet density

Livingston, Michael (2010) The ecology of domestic violence: the role of alcohol outlet density. Geospatial health , 5 (1). pp. 139-149. ISSN 1970-7096

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Studies have consistently found positive associations between the density of alcohol outlets and levels of violence in areas. Few studies have examined whether this relationship holds for domestic violence. This study assesses whether alcohol outlet density is related to domestic violence and whether this relationship is due to alcohol availability or to co-occurring economic disadvantage and social disorganisation. Cross-sectional data on family incidents, liquor outlets and socio-demographic characteristics were obtained for 217 postcodes in Melbourne, Australia. These data were used to construct models assessing the association between alcohol outlet density and domestic violence, both with and without controlling for socio-demographic factors. Models were tested for spatial autocorrelation, and spatial- error models were developed to control for its influence. Outlet density was significantly associated with rates of domestic violence, even controlling for socio-demographic factors. The density of hotels (pubs) was positively associated with domestic violence rates and the density of restaurants and bars was negatively associated with domestic violence. Socio-economic disadvantage was also associated with domestic violence rates. The density of packaged liquor outlets was not associated with rates of domestic violence. The results present a mixed picture, and further study is required to develop a clearer understanding of the links between alcohol availability and domestic violence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: alcohol availability, outlet density, violence, Australia
Subjects: 300 Scienze sociali > 360 Problemi e servizi sociali; associazioni > 362 Problemi e servizi di assistenza sociale (Classificare qui la sicurezza sociale) > 362.2 Malattie e disturbi mentali ed emotivi (classificare qui le minorazioni mentali comprendenti ritardo e malattia mentale) > 362.29 Abuso di sostanze (Tossicodipendenza) (classificare qui l'abuso di droga; le opere interdisciplinari su abuso di sostanze, assuefazione, dipendenza, intossicazione) > 362.292 Alcolici (classificare qui le opere interdisciplinari sull'alcolismo)
600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici) > 613 Salute personale e sicurezza (Promozione della salute) > 613.8 Abuso di sostanze (Tossicodipendenza)
600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici) > 614 Medicina legale; incidenza delle malattie; Medicina preventiva pubblica > 614.4 Incidenza delle malattie e misure pubblica per prevenirle (classificare qui l'Epidemiologia, l'Epidemiologia clinica) > 614.42 Incidenza delle malattie, e misure pubbliche per prevenirle. Incidenza (classificare qui la prevalenza; la Geografia medica; l'Epidemiologia spaziale; i rilevamenti sanitari)
Depositing User: biblioteca 7
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2011 12:58
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2011 12:58

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