Fluoride supplements in pregnancy, effectiveness in the prevention of dental caries in a group of children

Maturo, Paolo and Costacurta, Micaela and Perugia, Cesare and Docimo, Raffaella (2011) Fluoride supplements in pregnancy, effectiveness in the prevention of dental caries in a group of children. Oral & implantology, 4 (1/2). pp. 23-27. ISSN 2035-2468

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This clinical, retrospective study intends to evaluate whether the systemic administration of fluoride during pregnancy can reduce caries incidence in a group of paediatric patients, compared to a control group. 84 patients were selected out of a sample of 2000 children (3-15 years of age) and then divided in two groups: TEST Group: 34 patients (16M – 18F, mean age 9.23), whose mothers had taken fluoride during pregnancy; CONTROL Group: 50 patients (23M - 27F, mean age 9) whose mothers had not taken fluoride. Patients underwent a clinical and radiographic inspection to assess the dfs/DFS value as caries index (decayed or filled surfaces for deciduous or permanent teeth). Results: dfs/DFS value: TEST Group: 3.41, CONTROL group 2.49. The TEST group was further divided in individuals who were administered fluoride only during pregnancy (33%) with a dfs/DFS of 3.14 and individuals who were administered fluoride also after birth (67%) with a dfs/DFS of 3. Caries index (dfs/DFS) did not show any significant differences between the test and control groups. Fluoride administration during pregnancy and postpartum does not seem to have a significant impact on the reduction of caries incidence. More preventive strategies should be investigated to contrast the multifactorial etiology of children caries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fluoride, caries prevention, pregnancy dietary supplements, systemic fluoroprophylaxis, caries in children
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici) > 617 Rami vari della medicina; Chirurgia > 617.6 Odontoiatria
Depositing User: Nadia Del Gobbo
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2013 13:59
Last Modified: 16 May 2013 10:30
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/4936

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