Prenatal diagnosis of fetal aneuploidies using QF-PCR: the egyptian study

Shereen, H. Atef and Sawsan, S. Hafez and Nermein, H. Mahmoud and Sanaa, M. Helmy (2011) Prenatal diagnosis of fetal aneuploidies using QF-PCR: the egyptian study. Journal of prenatal medicine, 5 (4). pp. 83-89. ISSN 1971-3290

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Background: The most common chromosomal abnormalities identified at birth are aneuploidies of chromosome 21, 18, 13, X and Y. Prenatal diagnosis of fetal aneuploidies is routinely done by traditional cytogenetic culture; a major drawback of this technique is the long period of time required to reach a diagnosis. In this study we evaluated the QF-PCR as a rapid technique for prenatal diagnosis of common aneuploidies. Method: This work was carried out on Sixty amniotic fluid samples taken from patients with one or more of the following indications: advanced maternal age (3 case), abnormal biochemical markers (6 cases), abnormal ultrasound (12 cases) or previous history of abnormal child (39 cases). Each sample was tested by QF-PCR and traditional cytogenetic. Aneuploidy screenings were performed amplifying four STRs on chromosomes 21, 18, 13, two pseudoautosomal, one X linked, as well as the AMXY and SRY. Markers were distributed in two multiplex QFPCR assays (S1 and S2) in order to reduce the risk of sample mishandling. Results: All the QF-PCR results were successful, while there were two culture failures, only one of them was repeated. No discrepancy was seen between the results of both techniques. Fifty six samples showed normal patterns, three samples showed trisomy 21, successfully detected by both techniques and one sample showed normal pattern by QF-PCR but could not be compared to the cytogenetic due to culture failure, the pregnancy outcome of this case was a normal baby. Conclusion: Our study concluded that QF-PCR is a reliable technique for prenatal diagnosis of the common chromosomal aneuploidies. It has the advantages over the cytogenetic culture of being faster with the results appearing within 24-48 hours, simpler, doesn’t need a highly qualified staff, less prone to failure and more cost effective.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: QF-PCR, aneuploidy, STR
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici) > 618 Altri rami della medicina; Ginecologia e ostetricia, Pediatria, Geriatria > 618.2 Ostetricia
Depositing User: Gianni Aiello
Date Deposited: 28 May 2013 16:12
Last Modified: 28 May 2013 16:12

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