Evaluation with stabilometric platform of balance disorders in osteoporosis patients. A proposal for a diagnostic protocol

Cultrera, Pina and Petrai, Veronica and Postiglione, Marco and Zambelan, Giulia and Pasquetti , Pietro and Pratelli, Elisa (2010) Evaluation with stabilometric platform of balance disorders in osteoporosis patients. A proposal for a diagnostic protocol. Clinical cases in mineral and bone metabolism, 7 (2). pp. 123-125. ISSN 1971-3266

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Osteoporosis is a systemic disease with reduced bone mass and qualitative alterations of the bone, associated to increased risk of fracture. Pathogenesis of osteoporosis fractures is multifactorial. Main risk factor is falls (except for vertebral fragility fractures which occurs often in absence of trauma). Aging by itself produces physiological changes: muscular hypotrophy with asthenia, deficit of visus and hearing together with associated pathologies and multi-drug therapies. In osteoporosis patients with vertebral fractures posture change occurs which reduces balance. After clinical postural evaluation it is possible to carry out instrumental evaluation of posture with computerized methods such as stabilometry, baropodometry, dynanometry and gait analysis. Examination carried out with use of stabilometric computerized platform allows stabilometric (body sway assessment) as well as posturometric examination (center of pressure assessment during quiet standing). Fundamental parameters obtained are: position of the body center of gravity, area and shape of sway density curve and velocity variables. Protocol of evaluation includes assessment of examination in standard condition and in condition of temporary sensorial deprivation (to investigate the influence of various afferent systems on the maintenance of posture and balance). Accurate evaluation of postural control in osteoporosis patients constitutes a fundamental tool in fracture risk evaluation due to fall and in identification and correction of modifiable factors responsible for balance defect. This approach, together with adequate drug therapy, may lead to significant reduction of fractures in osteoporosis patients with subsequent reduction of hospitalization and residual consequent disabilities

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Osteoporosis fractures, fall prevention, stabilometry
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici) > 611 Anatomia; Citologia; Istologia umana > 611.7 Sistema muscoloscheletrico, tegumento
Depositing User: Danilo Dezzi
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2014 16:30
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2014 16:30
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/5862

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