Porfido, Sabina and Esposito, E. and Vittori, E and Michetti, A.M and Blumetti, A.M and Ferreli, L. and Guerrieri, L. and Serva, L. (2002) AREAL DISTRIBUTION OF GROUND EFFECTS INDUCED BY STRONG EARTHQUAKES IN THE SOUTHERN APENNINES (ITALY). Survey in geophysics, 23 (6). pp. 529-562.

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Moderate to strong crustal earthquakes are generally accompanied by a distinctive pattern of coseismic geological phenomena, ranging from surface faulting to ground cracks, landslides, liquefaction/compaction, which leave a permanent mark in the landscape. Therefore, the repetition of surface faulting earthquakes over a geologic time interval determines a characteristic morphology closely related to seismic potential. To support this statement, the areal distribution and dimensions of effects of recent historical earthquakes in the Southern Apennines are being investigated in detail. This paper presents results concerning the 26 July 1805 earthquake in the Molise region, (I =X MCS, M = 6.8), and the 23 November 1980 earthquake in the Campania and Basilicata regions (I =XMSK, Ms = 6.9). Landslide data are also compared with two other historical earthquakes in the same region with similar macroseismic intensity. The number of significant effects (either ground deformation or hydrological anomalies) versus their minimum distance from the causative fault have been statistically analyzed, finding characteristic relationships. In particular, the decay of the number of landslides with distance from fault follows an exponential law, whereas it shows almost a rectilinear trend for liquefaction and hydrological anomalies. Most effects fall within the macroseismic area, landslides within intensity V to VI, liquefaction effects within VI and hydrological anomalies within IV MCS/MSK, hence at much larger distances. A possible correlation between maximum distance of effects and length of the reactivated fault zone is also noted. Maximum distances fit the envelope curves for Intensity and Magnitude based on worldwide data. These results suggest that a careful examination of coseismic geological effects can be important for a proper estimation of earthquake parameters and vulnerability of the natural environment for seismic hazard evaluation purposes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: active tectonics, ground effects, historical seismicity, Italy, seismic hazard, seismic landscape, Southern Apennines, 1805, 1857,1930, 1980 earthquakes
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 550 Scienze della Terra
Depositing User: dr Sabina Porfido
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2009
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2010 10:03

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