From muscle research to clinical applications: Do glutamate antagonists aid muscle recovery?

Albani, Maria and Chatzisotiriou, Athanasios and Gougoulias, Nikolaos (2012) From muscle research to clinical applications: Do glutamate antagonists aid muscle recovery? M.L.T.J. Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal, 2 (2). pp. 64-69. ISSN 2240-4554

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It has been shown in the rat, that during the first five postnatal days, motoneurons are particularly vulnerable to excitotoxic cell death and glutamate receptors play a significant role in this time-dependent process. Various categories of glutamate blockers (MK-801, Mg, PNQX, DAP-5) have various actions on the respective receptors. Furthermore, the different response between mature and immature motoneurons following injury is attributed to the quantity of glutamate receptors on the cell membrane. The effect of these substances on the recovery of fast and slow muscles after sciatic nerve crush, at critical developmental stages, shows a variable but impressive reversal of the devastating effects on rat muscle properties, which is different between fast and slow muscles. In addition, blocking of NMDA receptors by various substances rescues motoneurons and increases the number of motor units surviving into adulthood. In this way, glutamate receptor blockers may represent a promising therapeutic approach to retain nerve and muscle function during neurodegenerative events

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Excitotoxicity, glutamate antagonists, muscle plasticity, reinnervation, NMDA, AMPA
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici) > 616 Malattie (classificare qui la Clinica medica, la medicina basata sull'evidenza, la Medicina interna, la Medicina sperimentale) > 616.7 Malattie del sistema muscoloscheletrico
Depositing User: Danilo Dezzi
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2014 15:16
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2014 15:16

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