Benefits of laparoscopic colorectal surgery in the geriatric patient

Anania, Gabriele and Scagliarini, Lucia and Santini, Mirco and Marzetti, Alice and Gregorio, Claudio and Vedana, Laura and Resta, Giuseppe and Cavallesco, Giorgio Narciso (2012) Benefits of laparoscopic colorectal surgery in the geriatric patient. Il giornale di chirurgia, 33 (10). pp. 352-357. ISSN 1971-145X

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Background. Our aim is the retrospective valuation of results in over 75 year-old patients, with colorectal cancer, treated with laparoscopic and laparotomic surgery, considering how laparoscopic surgery has improved these patients’ outcome. Patients and methods. We took all over 75 year-old patients, affected by colorectal cancer, treated with colectomy. Patients has been divided into two groups: laparotomy group and laparoscopy group. Data concerning patients, i.e., age, sex, BMI, ASA, comorbidities, were collected with data concerning the operation (surgical time, conversion percentage). Postoperative outcomes – i.e., gas evacuation, bowel movements, solid and liquid feeding, need to ICU, complications, re-surgery, hospitalization and type of discharge, mortality – were evaluated. Results. A total of 145 patients are included: laparotomy 80 and laparoscopy 51. Two groups are homogeneous for age, sex, BMI, ASA, comorbidities. Surgical times are the same. Need to Intesive Care Unit (ICU) is lower in laparoscopy. Gas evacuation and bowel movements are earlier in laparoscopy. Liquid and solid diet is earlier in laparoscopy. Hospitalization was earlier after laparoscopy. Discharge at home is more frequent in laparoscopy. Major and minor complications are lower in laparoscopy. Post-operative mortality is lower in laparoscopy. Conclusions. Laparoscopy improves over 75 year-old patients’ outcomes, after elective surgery for colorectal cancer. Surgery trauma, anaesthesia, nutritional and hemodynamic alterations, are factors that break the old patients’ fragile physiologic balance. Less traumatic surgery improves old patients’ outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Geriatric - Colorectal - Laparoscopic colectomy
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici) > 617 Rami vari della medicina; Chirurgia > 617.4 Chirurgia secondo il Sistema e Regioni
Depositing User: Nadia Del Gobbo
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2016 15:22
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2016 15:22

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