Cerebral oxygenation and haemodynamic effects induced by nimodipine in healthy subjects

Canova, Daniela and Roatta, Silvestro and Micieli, Giuseppe and Bosone, Daniele (2012) Cerebral oxygenation and haemodynamic effects induced by nimodipine in healthy subjects. Functional Neurology, 27 (3). pp. 169-176. ISSN 1971-3274

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The cerebrovascular effects of nimodipine are still poorly understood even in the healthy condition; in particular, its effects on tissue oxygenation have never been investigated. The aim of the present study was to investigate changes in cerebral oxygenation and blood volume upon oral administration of nimodipine (90 mg) in the healthy condition. In eight subjects, changes in cerebral tissue oxygenation and blood volume were determined simultaneously with changes in blood velocity of the middle cerebral artery (VMCA) by using, respectively, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD). The subjects also underwent non-invasive assessment of arterial blood pressure (ABP) and end-tidal CO2. TCD and NIRS CO2 reactivity indices were also extracted. Nimodipine significantly reduced ABP (11±13%) and increased heart rate, as well as NIRS oxygenation (6.0±4.8%) and blood volume indices(9.4±10.1%), while VMCA was not significantly decreased (2.0±3.5%). Ni-modipine slightly but significantly reduced the VMCA response to changes in pCO2 whereas the CO2 reactivity of NIRS parameters was improved. The observed changes in cerebral tissue oxygenation and blood volume indicate nimodipine-induced cerebrovascular dilation and increased perfusion, while the effect on VMCA possibly results from dilation of the insonated artery. The present results cast doubt on the putative nimodipine-induced impairment of CO2 reactivity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cerebral blood flow, hyperventilation, near infrared spectroscopy, nimodipine, rebreathing
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici)
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2016 12:27
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2016 12:27
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/10696

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