Multiple jets observed in the summer Northern Hemisphere troposphere

Bordi, I. and Fraedrich, K. and Sutera, A. (2007) Multiple jets observed in the summer Northern Hemisphere troposphere. Il nuovo cimento C, 30 (6). pp. 587-604. ISSN 1826-9885

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Daily observations of the Northern Hemisphere zonal mean zonal wind during July show an intermittent formation of multiple tropospheric jet streams. In particular, a tropospheric westerly, or easterly, jet occurs at latitudes greater than 75◦N: it co-exists with the mid-latitude jet and is characterized by variability on synoptic time scale. Two sample years are here considered, July 1996 and July 1985, when prevailing westerly and easterly jets occur at high latitudes, respectively. Analysis is consistent with a picture where the physical mechanism, which creates and maintains the polar jet in the summer troposphere, is the baroclinic instability process acting on a westerly, or easterly, background zonal flow. Due to the synoptic variability, monthly mean maps of the zonal mean zonal wind for July may show different jet patterns as a function of the year, depending on the occurrences (number and duration) of westerly or easterly polar jets within each month considered. The study of the inter-annual variability of the zonal mean zonal wind through the principal component analysis indicates, in fact, that three tropospheric jet stream patterns can be distinguished. Consistency of observations with the available theories on the double-jet formation is provided and the impact of polar jet occurrences on surface temperature field is evaluated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: General circulation
Subjects: 500 Scienze naturali e Matematica > 550 Scienze della Terra > 551 Geologia, Idrologia, Meteorologia
Depositing User: Marina Spanti
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2020 19:37
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2020 19:37

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