Alcohol outlet density and alcohol consumption in Los Angeles county and southern Louisiana

Schonlau, Matthias and Scribner, Richard and Farley, Thomas A. and Theall, Katherine P. and Bluthenthal, Ricky N. and Scott, Molly and Cohen, Deborah A. (2008) Alcohol outlet density and alcohol consumption in Los Angeles county and southern Louisiana. Geospatial health , 3 (1). pp. 91-101. ISSN 1970-7096

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The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between alcohol availability, as measured by the density of off-premise alcohol outlets, and alcohol consumption in Los Angeles county and southern Louisiana, USA. Consumption information was collected through a telephone survey of 2,881 households in Los Angeles county and pre-Katrina southern Louisiana, nested within 220 census tracts. Respondents’ addresses were geo-coded and both neighbourhood (census tracts and buffers of varying sizes) and individual (network distance to the closest alcohol outlet) estimates of off-sale alcohol outlet density were computed. Alcohol outlet density was not associated with the percentage of people who were drinkers in either site. Alcohol outlet density was associated with the quantity of consumption among drinkers in Louisiana but not in Los Angeles. Outlet density within a one-mile buffer of the respondent’s home was more strongly associated with alcohol consumption than outlet density in the respondent’s census tract. The conclusion is that the relationship between neighbourhood alcohol outlet density and alcohol consumption is complex and may vary due to differences in neighbourhood design and travel patterns.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: alcohol outlet density, alcohol consumption, Los Angeles county, southern Louisiana
Subjects: 300 Scienze sociali > 360 Problemi e servizi sociali; associazioni > 362 Problemi e servizi di assistenza sociale (Classificare qui la sicurezza sociale) > 362.2 Malattie e disturbi mentali ed emotivi (classificare qui le minorazioni mentali comprendenti ritardo e malattia mentale) > 362.29 Abuso di sostanze (Tossicodipendenza) (classificare qui l'abuso di droga; le opere interdisciplinari su abuso di sostanze, assuefazione, dipendenza, intossicazione) > 362.292 Alcolici (classificare qui le opere interdisciplinari sull'alcolismo)
900 Storia, Geografia e discipline ausiliarie > 910 Geografia e viaggi > 910.285 Geographic information systems
Depositing User: biblioteca 7
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2010 08:14
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2010 08:14

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