Risk assessment for canine leishmaniasis spreading in the north of Italy

Morosetti, Giulia and Bongiorno, Gioia and Beran, Bernadett and Scalone, Aldo and Moser, Judith and Gramiccia, Marina and Gradoni, Luigi and Maroli, Michele (2009) Risk assessment for canine leishmaniasis spreading in the north of Italy. Geospatial health , 4 (1). pp. 115-127. ISSN 1970-7096

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The incidence of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis has not only been recognized but is, in fact, increasing in territories of northern continental Italy previously regarded as non-endemic. Recent findings of sporadic autochthonous canine infections and the presence of phlebotomine vectors in some provinces of north-eastern Italy have stimulated risk assessment for the spreading of leishmaniasis in the autonomous province of Bolzano-South Tyrol, the northernmost territory of the Italian eastern Alps. In July 2008, 61 phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae) were caught and identified as Phlebotomus perniciosus and Sergentomyia minuta. This is the first record in South Tyrol of P. perniciosus, the most competent vector of Leishmania infantum in Mediterranean countries. Leishmania serology on local dogs kept in kennels gave negative results, while only imported canine leishmaniasis cases were reported by local veterinarians through a questionnaire survey. Bio-geographic aspects and epidemiological consequences are analyzed in relation with the risk of leishmaniasis introduction into the area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phlebotomus perniciosus, sand flies, Leishmania infantum, canine, leishmaniasis, Italy
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 630 Agricoltura e tecnologie connesse > 636 Allevamento di animali > 636.089 Scienze veterinarie, Medicina veterinaria
900 Storia, Geografia e discipline ausiliarie > 910 Geografia e viaggi > 910.285 Geographic information systems
Depositing User: Emanuele Zinevrakis
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2010 12:43
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2010 12:43
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/2848

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