Long-term exposure to gaseous air pollutants and cardio-respiratory mortality in Brisbane, Australia

Wang, Xiao Yu and Hu, Wenbiao and Tong, Shilu (2009) Long-term exposure to gaseous air pollutants and cardio-respiratory mortality in Brisbane, Australia. Geospatial health , 3 (2). pp. 257-263. ISSN 1970-7096

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This study examines the association of long-term exposure to gaseous air pollution with cardio-respiratory mortality in Brisbane, Australia, in the period 1996-2004. The pollutant concentrations were estimated using geographical information system (GIS) techniques at the statistical local area (SLA) level. The generalized estimating equations model was used to investigate the impact of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) on mortality due to cardio-respiratory disease after adjusting for a range of potential confounders. An increase of 4.7% (95% confidence interval = 0.7-8.9%) in cardio-respiratory mortality for 1 part per billion (ppb) increment in annual average concentration of SO2 was estimated. However, there was no significant association between long-term exposures to NO2 or O3 and death due to cardio-respiratory disease. The results indicate that the annual average concentration of SO2 is associated with cardio-respiratory mortality at the SLA level and this association appears to vary with the geographical area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cardio-respiratory mortality, air pollution, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulphur dioxide, spatial analysis, Australia
Subjects: 300 Scienze sociali > 360 Problemi e servizi sociali; associazioni > 363 Altri problemi e servizi sociali > 363.7 Problemi ambientali (classificare qui la tutela ambientale; l’effetto dei rifiuti, dell’inquinamento, delle iniziative per controllarli) > 363.73 Inquinamento > 363.739 Inquinamento di specifici ambienti > 363.7392 Inquinamento atmosferico
600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici) > 614 Medicina legale; incidenza delle malattie; Medicina preventiva pubblica > 614.5 Incidenza di specifiche malattie e tipi di malattia e misure pubbliche per prevenirle > 614.591 Malattie del sistema cardiovascolare (malattie cardiorespiratorie)
900 Storia, Geografia e discipline ausiliarie > 910 Geografia e viaggi > 910.285 Geographic information systems
Depositing User: biblioteca 7
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2010 09:57
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2010 09:57
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/2877

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