Environmental inducers of schistosomiasis mansoni in Campinas, Brazil

Anaruma Filho, Francisco and Sant’Ana, João Moreno and Ferreira dos Santos, Rozely and Castagna, Cláudio Luiz (2010) Environmental inducers of schistosomiasis mansoni in Campinas, Brazil. Geospatial health , 5 (1). pp. 79-91. ISSN 1970-7096

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Human occupation/activity in the suburbs of the large cities in Brazil, together with high social vulnerability associated with poor living conditions, influence the dynamics of schistosomiasis mansoni as well as several other emerging and re-emerging diseases. Previous notification data surveys for Campinas, São Paulo state, Brazil, carried out by the Information System for Notification Disease, show that there are distinct prevalence differences across healthcare districts of the city. This paper supports the hypothesis that the distribution of schistosomiasis is not random and that the centralized location of cases are linked to human behaviour, in particular to human activities that interfere with basic landscape structure. This paper analyzes the spatial patterns of the parasitic worm Schistosoma mansoni and its intermediate host Biomphalaria comparing disease prevalence with natural conditions and the current pattern of territory occupation by the population. The spatial and hierarchical distribution of factors related to the environmental conditions and land use that indicate the risk for schistosomiasis has been surveyed. It was found that landscape characteristics define the areas at risk for this endemic disease and, as a result, a risk map comprising different risk classes was established. This risk map highlights the regions prone to become new foci for infection or that serves to maintain an existing focus. The research approach used attempts to introduce “geotechnology”, i.e. a social application in which better knowledge about these foci, designated endemic “hot spots” can assist preventive public intervention measures in a way that is inexpensive and easy to handle.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: schistosomiasis, risk, inducers, landscape ecology, geographical information system, Brazil
Subjects: 600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici) > 614 Medicina legale; incidenza delle malattie; Medicina preventiva pubblica > 614.5 Incidenza di specifiche malattie e tipi di malattia e misure pubbliche per prevenirle > 614.55 Parassitosi e malattie causate da funghi (micosi) > 614.553 Malattie causate da trematodi (infezioni da trematodi) (Include la Schistosomiasi)
600 Tecnologia - Scienze applicate > 610 Medicina e salute (Classificare qui la tecnologia dei servizi medici) > 616 Malattie (classificare qui la Clinica medica, la medicina basata sull'evidenza, la Medicina interna, la Medicina sperimentale) > 616.9 Altre malattie (altri rami della Medicina) > 616.96 Parassitosi, malattie causate da funghi (micosi) (classificare qui la Parassitologia medica) > 616.963 Malattie causate da trematodi (infezioni da trematodi) (include la schistosomiasi)
900 Storia, Geografia e discipline ausiliarie > 910 Geografia e viaggi > 910.285 Geographic information systems
Depositing User: biblioteca 7
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2011 13:04
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2011 13:04
URI: http://eprints.bice.rm.cnr.it/id/eprint/3170

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